Retirement housing may be defined as accommodation specifically designed for the active elderly. Most schemes are characterised by a resident warden service and communal maintenance of grounds. Schemes are more often located within existing urban areas although schemes in rural areas can also be found. A typical development consists of around 40 units but can range from ten or so apartments linked to an existing nursing home to much larger retirement communities of between 100 and 300 units. Sheltered housing schemes initiated by local authorities or housing associations raise much the same planning issues as private sector developments. Residential and nursing homes for the elderly are dealt with in (11.3).
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